Properties in Panama

Purchasing Panama property if you rent then the qualities can be quite lucrative. However, real estate leasing laws and regulations are old and confusing to people from other countries. This is a review of Panama’s leasing laws and regulations:

The Civil Code of 1917 copied the Spanish Civil Code controlling real estate leases in rural and concrete areas. Private residential property whose rents exceed $150 per month, commercial, educational activities, and industrial use are handled by this law.

Law 93 of 1973 controls urban residential leases, sub-leases, renting rooms, and furnished apartments as much as $150 month. 40 years ago, $150 per month would be a substantial rent. Holiday (vacation) apartments renting in excess of six several weeks are available under this law. Tenants enjoy greater defense against rent increases and evictions than underneath the Civil Code.

Leases that are excluded from Law 93 include rural qualities, former Panama Canal Zone reverted qualities, fixed daily rate rentals (motels, inns, hotels, and boarding houses), retirement home leases under six several weeks, and government-owned leased qualities.

Since people from other countries are only renting qualities in excess of $150 per month, only tenant’s legal rights underneath the Civil Code is going to be covered here:

Rents: Both sides can negotiate any monthly rent prices and increases what ever they want. Rental contracts are typically in Spanish. When people from other countries rent with other people from other countries anything could be designed in Spanish and converted or designed in both languages.

Security Deposits: A burglar deposit comparable to one month’s rent is distributed towards the Secretary of state for Housing which refunds it towards the tenant upon expiration from the lease unless of course the owner files claims for overdue rent or tenant damage to property. However, most people from other countries havenrrrt heard of this requirement and lots of Panamanians neglected by collecting the deposits themselves.

Time period of the Lease: No limitations exist concerning the size of a lease. Landlords can’t evict a having to pay tenant before a lease expires. However, tenants can break any lease with 30-calendar day’s prior notice.

Utilities: Some utilities and services can not be transferred in to the tenant’s name for example water and condo homeowner’s association charges that are compensated through the landlord and integrated into the rental fee. Cable Television, internet, phone, and electricity could be within the tenant’s name who pays individuals bills. Commercial property bills for example building maintenance charges, water, and utilities are often compensated for through the tenant.

Triplicate: Prepare the Rental Agreement in triplicate. The tenant keeps one copy, the owner will get another copy, while another copy is filed using the Secretary of state for Housing that also supports the security deposit. Again, many people from other countries havenrrrt heard of this requirement even though many Panamanians simply neglected by requiring only copies for that tenant and also the landlord.

People from other countries are often requested to provide first month’s security and damage deposits. A Panamanian personal reference letter is frequently required. Local bank checks or cash are favored.

Repairs of electricity, plumbing, and structural areas of your building will be the landlord’s responsibility.

Purchasing Panama property if you rent then apartments or homes can be quite lucrative. Some people from other countries rent to multinational corporations who’ve regional headquarters for their executive employees and visitors. Rental payments are frequently produced by bank wire transfers and a few pay by check.

Taxes are compensated by people from other countries and Panamanians alike on their own rental earnings. However, there are lots of tax write-offs and deductions just like within the U.S. and Canada as well as in Countries in europe. A landlord can discount maintenance charges, repairs, management services, realtor commissions, utilities along with other expenses.

Realtor’s Commissions usually contain one month’s rent and also, since there’s no MLS in Panama it’s not uncommon to determine 2 or 3 realtors splitting the commission between themselves. Current law requires having to pay a 7% ITBMS (VAT) tax on the top from the commission.

Realtor’s Services with respect to the tenant usually includes establishing cable television, internet, phone, and electricity within the tenant’s name when the tenant requests this particular service.

Employ a competent Panama property attorney to advise about property laws and regulations, landlord-tenant laws and regulations, and taxes before purchasing apartments or homes as investments.
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